Malaria breakthrough as scientists find highly effective way to kill parasite

Drugs derived from Ivermectin, which makes human blood deadly to mosquitoes, could be available within two years Human trials of new antimalarial drugs are in the pipeline after Kenyan scientists successfully used bacteria to kill the parasite that causes the disease. The Kenya Medical Research Institute (Kemri) and global health partners say the breakthrough could potentially lead to the development of a new class of drugs in less than two years. The promise of a new treatment comes after in Burkina Faso proved that Ivermectin, a conventional drug used for parasitic diseases including river blindness and elephantiasis, reduced transmission rates. The medication worked by making the blood of people who were repeatedly vaccinated studies conducted by the World Health Organization …

Robert Mugabe, former Zimbabwe president, dies aged 95

Final years in power were characterised by financial collapse, violent intimidation and vicious power struggle Robert Mugabe, the deeply divisive former president of Zimbabwe, was declared a national hero by the ruling Zanu-PF party on Friday, as preparations for his funeral got under way in the nation he ruled with an iron first for almost 40 years. The death of the former president on Thursday night in a clinic in Singapore marks the definitive end of an era in the former British colony. Mugabe, who died aged 95, ruled Zimbabwe for close to four decades prompted widespread rejoicing. On Friday Mnangagwa thanked former first lady Grace Mugabe for standing by her husband until the end. Grace Mugabe an extraordinary press …

Why western liberals have long picked the wrong historical hero | Kenan Malik

A newly discovered text shows how the battles of the past are still being fought today Lost in the library of a small American college has lain a text by one of Englands foremost philosophers that no one knew he had written. Reasons for tolerateing Papists equally with others, a work by the early Enlightenment philosopher John Locke was discovered in announced last week, has been greeted with excitement by both philosophers and historians. It is significant, too, in throwing light upon political debates that have as much relevance now as they did 400 years ago. Locke is central to modern politics because of his foundational role in liberalism. His A Letter Concerning Toleration, published in 1689, is a key …

‘It’s scary’: wildlife selfies harming animals, experts warn

Concern in New Zealand that trend of taking photographs with penguins and other creatures is having impact on feeding, breeding and birth rates At the International Penguin Conference in New Zealand, the experts were worried. Among sobering discussions about the perils of the climate crisis and habitat loss, the unlikely issue of wildlife selfies photobombed the agenda, with increasing concern that the celebrity-fuelled search for that perfect shot is affecting animal behaviour. Professor Philip Seddon, the director of Otago Universitys wildlife management programme, said: Were losing respect for wildlife, we dont understand the wild at all. Seddon told the global convention held in Dunedin last week that the normalisation of wildlife selfies was scary and was harming animals, including causing …

Scientists discover way to grow tooth enamel

Experts produce clusters of enamel-like calcium phosphate to crack age-old problem Scientists say they have finally cracked the problem of repairing tooth enamel. Though enamel is the hardest tissue in the body, it cannot self-repair. Now scientists have discovered a method by which its complex structure can be reproduced and the enamel essentially grown back. The team behind the research say the materials are cheap and can be prepared on a large scale. After intensive discussion with dentists, we believe that this new method can be widely used in future, said Dr Zhaoming Liu, co-author of the research from Zhejiang University in China. Tooth decay is extremely common: according to journal Science Advances, say they got around this problem by …

Patient’s death could be first in US linked to vaping, officials say

Illinois case forms part of investigation into illnesses in teens or adults who had used e-cigarettes US health officials are reporting what could be the countrys first death linked to vaping. The officials said on Friday that an adult patient in Illinois, who contracted a serious lung disease after vaping, had died and that they considered it the first death in the US linked to e-cigarettes. The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) received the report of the death on Thursday, the chief medical officer, Dr Jennifer Layden, said. Officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 193 people in 22 states had contracted severe respiratory illnesses after vaping. However, they said a clear common cause of the …

‘Ecological grief’: Greenland residents traumatised by climate emergency

Islanders are struggling to reconcile impact of global heating with traditional way of life, survey finds The climate crisis is causing unprecedented levels of stress and anxiety to people in Greenland who are struggling to reconcile the traumatic impact of heating with their traditional way of life. The first ever national survey examining the human impact of the climate emergency, revealed in the Guardian on Monday, shows that more than 90% of islanders interviewed fully accept that crisis is happening, with a further 76% claiming to have personally experienced global heating in their daily lives, from coping with dangerous sea ice journeys to having sled dogs euthanised for economic reasons tied to shorter winters. Original Article : HERE ;

Alzheimers blood test could predict onset up to 20 years in advance

US researchers say blood test can be 94% effective in spotting those at risk of the disease A blood test that can detect signs of Alzheimers as much as 20 years before the disease begins to have a debilitating effect has been developed by researchers in the US. Scientists at the Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis in Missouri believe the test can identify changes in the brain suggestive of Alzheimers with 94% accuracy, while being much cheaper and simpler than a PET brain scan. The results of the study, which was published in the journal Neurology on Thursday, represent a potential breakthrough in the fight against the disease. Right now we screen people for clinical trials with …

‘He’ll reap everything he sows’: what does Baltimore make of Trump?

Trump has repeatedly demonised big cities with large minority populations part of his ploy to exploit Americas racial divide Two Kevins stood on the front steps of a fading terraced house in West Baltimore, killing time on a hot Monday afternoon. Asked about Donald Trumps an item on Fox News, he fired off more than a dozen tweets attacking Democratic congressman Elijah Cummings, calling his black majority district disgusting, the worst in the USA, a rat and rodent-infested mess, and a dangerous and filthy place where no human being would want to live. He was still at it on Monday night, repeatedly demonised major cities with common characteristics: Democratic leadership, big minority populations and few Trump voters. Baltimore is less …

Notre Dame fire: activists launch lawsuit over ‘toxic fallout’

Authorities accused of failing to act swiftly to contain potential lead poisoning French authorities are under growing pressure over possible health risks from the Mediapart this month said Paris authorities were not being open enough about risks and had waited a month after the fire before conducting tests in the nearest schools. Health officials insisted they had been transparent about testing for lead levels and were keeping parents informed. Sbastien Delavoux, a firefighter and representative of the CGT union, said he was concerned that not enough had been done to decontaminate fire engines and equipment used to put out the fire and questioned whether sufficient health support and testing had been given to fire officers. He said his union had …

We should all be shamed by the shocking death of a sick woman in UAE custody

Alia Abdulnoors case reveals the grim reality of human rights during the year of tolerance in the United Arab Emirates When I learned of spent her final weeks chained to a bed, denied adequate care and made to sign a human rights monitors. The list of rights denied to her is long. After being arrested and detained by state security forces in 2015, she was held incommunicado for months without charge. Deprived of contact with her family, she suffered degrading conditions that may have contributed to the deterioration of her health. She was, her family say, forced to sign a confession without being allowed to read it. On 5 February 2017, Alia received a 10-year jail sentence for abetting al-Qaida-led …

Are motorcycle taxis making the Ebola crisis worse?

Butembo is a huge regional hub for traders, and relies on taxi-motos to keep running but those bikes could be spreading the disease Swarms of motorcycle taxis overloaded with passengers and goods weave their way through traffic in the eastern Congolese city of Butembo. Motorbikes far outnumber four-wheeled vehicles on the dusty roads of the regional trading hub, especially downtown, where drivers laden with cargo carve their way through crowded street markets. Ebola epidemic rampaging through North Kivu and Ituri provinces in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A crowded market in the city of Butembo. The effort to stamp out this Ebola outbreak in eastern Congo already the second largest in recorded history is going poorly, as front-line health …

100m bacteria a day keep the doctor away, apple research suggests

Study finds organic apples have more diverse and balanced bacterial community The impact of an apple a day in keeping the doctor away may be partly down to the beneficial bacteria it carries and their subsequent colonisation of your gut, according to scientists. A study has found that a typical apple carries more than 100m bacteria. Some of these microbes are important in maintaining a published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

A city suffocating: most polluted city in Americas struggles to change

Wood smoke smothers Coyhaique, Chile, in June and July. Yet despite the WHO ranking its air worst in the Americas, residents are reluctant to alter their habits I was born and raised beside a roaring fire, says Yasna Seguel proudly, as wet snowflakes tap against the kitchen window behind her and orange flames warm an outstretched palm. A tobacco-yellow stain soaks into the table cloth as she sets her mate gourd down to select a fresh log for the fire. Every evening through the bitterly cold winter months of June and July, the southern city of Coyhaique, the most populous in the region of Aysn in Chilean Patagonia, is smothered by a thick, fragrant blanket of damp wood smoke that …

The angry chef or the Michelin guide: which giant ego are you rooting for? | Dale Berning Sawa

The standoff between Marc Veyrat and the famous guide is about power and who has the last word, says food writer Dale Berning Sawa Marc Veyrat, the French weekly Le Point, saying: Hello, call me back please, its urgent. And when they did, he proceeded to relay, in great, indeed in operatic detail, quite how awful the fallout has been. He has been depressed, he has had dark thoughts. He hasnt been able to sleep or feed himself. He has cried as if his parents had passed away all over again. He has envisaged the very worst. The worst, of course, to his mind, had already happened. The Michelin, he said, would never be able to atone for this terrible …

Sanders and Ocasio-Cortez move to declare climate crisis official emergency

Exclusive: Democrats to introduce resolution in House on Tuesday in recognition of extreme threat from global heating A group of US lawmakers including the 2020 Democratic presidential contender Bernie Sanders are proposing to declare the climate crisis an official emergency a significant recognition of the threat taken after considerable pressure from environment groups. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the Democratic congresswoman from New York, and Earl Blumenauer, a Democratic congressman from Oregon, plan to introduce the same resolution in the House on Tuesday, their offices confirmed. A Sanders spokesperson said: President Trump has routinely declared phony national emergencies to advance his deeply unpopular agenda, like selling Saudi Arabia bombs that Congress had blocked. On the existential threat of climate change, Trump insists on …